Chapter

Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape

Jonathan H. Marks

in Mental Health and Human Rights

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199213962
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754500 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199213962.003.0020
Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape

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Jonathan Marks draws on cognitive and behavioural psychology to provide an account of how health professionals became complicit in the abuse of detainees in the ‘war on terror’. It recognizes that health professionals did not act in isolation, and highlights the role of both macro (social, political, and cultural) and meso (organizational and community) factors that may have contributed to their behaviours. Drawing on the same body of social science research, the chapter also offers some potential measures to address and prevent the complicity of health professionals. These measures include constructing counternarratives, debiasing, acculturating human rights in social and institutional frameworks, developing ethics and policy guidelines, education and mentorship in ethics and human rights, and structural reforms. The role of accountability mechanisms is also discussed, and recommendations made for further qualitative and quantitative research to test and enrich the explanatory account, and to help refine and tailor more effective efforts at prevention and remediation.

Chapter.  11530 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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