Chapter

Other routes of opioid administration

Giovambattista Zeppetella

in Opioids in Cancer Pain

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199218806
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607006 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199218806.003.0014

Series: Oxford Pain Management Library OPML P

Other routes of opioid administration

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  • Clinical Oncology
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The oral route is the commonest route of opioid administration. In some instances, clinical circumstances make a switch to an alternative route of administration desirable. Common alternative routes include oral transmucosal, rectal, inhaled and topical administration. The evidence base for alternatives to the oral route is often from case reports; the strongest evidence is for oral transmucosal fentanyl citrate in the management of breakthrough pain. There are few non-oral licensed preparations available and most use is off-label.

Chapter.  2684 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Oncology ; Pain Medicine

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