Ventricular septal defects (VSDs)

Edited by Sara Thorne and Paul Clift

in Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199228188
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725920 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Specialist Handbooks

Ventricular septal defects (VSDs)

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Definition and incidence 106

Cardiac associations 106

Presentation 106

Physical signs 108

Investigation 108

Repair 108

Common—3 per 1000 live births. ♀ = ♂.

Due to developmental failure of 1 of the ventricular septal components—inlet septum, muscular trabeculated septum, outlet septum, or perimembranous septum....

Chapter.  539 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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