Chapter

Gastrointestinal therapy techniques

Carl Waldmann, Neil Soni and Andrew Rhodes

in Oxford Desk Reference: Critical Care

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199229581
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725722 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199229581.003.0004

Series: Desk Reference

Gastrointestinal therapy techniques

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Insertion of a Sengstaken–Blakemore tube in critical care 74

Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy 76

Nasojejunal feeding in critical care patients 78

The Sengstaken–Blakemore tube is very effective at controlling torrential bleeding from oesophago-gastric varices. Its use is associated with serious complications such as oesophageal ulceration, oesophageal perforation and aspiration pneumonia in 15–20% of cases. Up to 50% of patients will re-bleed once the balloon is deflated. so its primary function is to control bleeding initially prior to further definitive treatment....

Chapter.  4386 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Critical Care

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