Structural abnormalities

Nick Archer and Nicky Manning

in Fetal Cardiology

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780199230709
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191726002 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Specialist Handbooks

Structural abnormalities

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Introduction 70

Classification of structural abnormalities 72

This chapter gives an overview of how structural cardiac anomalies—which are then described in detail in the following chapters—have been grouped. The following points apply throughout:

It is essential to begin by establishing left and right sides of the fetus before going on to define the morphological features of each chamber and vessel and to demonstrate the cardiac connections (...

Chapter.  380 words. 

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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