Complications of cirrhosis and portal hypertension

Daniel Marks and Marcus Harbord

in Emergencies in Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print July 2013 | ISBN: 9780199231362
Published online October 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191742415 | DOI:

Series: Emergencies in...

Complications of cirrhosis and portal hypertension

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Causes and diagnosis of cirrhosis

Causes and diagnosis of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension


Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

Hepatorenal syndrome

Variceal haemorrhage

Hepatic encephalopathy

Hepatopulmonary syndromes

Hepatocellular carcinoma

Cirrhosis occurs following progressive hepatic fibrosis, with architectural distortion of the liver and nodule formation. It is a histological diagnosis. Late-stage cirrhosis is irreversible, at which point only liver transplantation is curative. Early-stage cirrhosis has been shown to improve following treatment and may be asymptomatic....

Chapter.  6534 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gastroenterology

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