Chapter

Acute pain in children

Richard F. Howard

in Acute Pain

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780199234721
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191739972 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199234721.003.0010

Series: Oxford Pain Management Library

Acute pain in children

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Age and maturity affect the perception and expression of pain in children.

A variety of pain assessment tools are needed to cover different age groups.

The British National Formulary for Children is a source of correct formulations and doses of analgesics for children of different ages.

Neonates show very high interindividual response to analgesic drugs.

Between 2yrs and 12yrs, the clearance of drugs exceeds that of adults and relatively higher doses may be needed.

Patient-controlled, nurse-controlled, and neuraxial analgesia can all be used in infants and children.

Reducing procedural pain in children is important and requires a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods.

Chapter.  3267 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Critical Care ; Pain Medicine

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