Chapter

Treatment of restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder

K. Ray Chaudhuri and Sharon Muzerengi

in Restless Legs Syndrome

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199234882
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607105 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199234882.003.0007

Series: Oxford Neurology Library

Treatment of restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder

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• Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a very common but treatable condition. • Mild RLS can be managed by self-help measures such as good hygiene and avoiding aggravating factors but pharmacological treatment may be required for moderate to severe RLS. • Moderate to severe RLS may occur in approximately 15–20% of all RLS cases. • Underlying conditions such as iron deficiency should be examined and treated in cases of secondary RLS. • Non-ergot-based dopamine agonists at low doses are the treatment of choice for RLS. Use of levodopa is limited by occurrence of augmentation and rebound. • Antiepileptics, benzodiazepines, and opioids are also useful in the treatment of RLS but use needs to be monitored particularly if benzodiazepines are used.

Chapter.  5321 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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