Chapter

Peritoneal dialysis

Jeremy Levy, Edwina Brown, Christine Daley and Anastasia Lawrence

in Oxford Handbook of Dialysis

Third edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780199235285
Published online August 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199598854 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199235285.003.0004

Series: Oxford Medical Handbooks

Peritoneal dialysis

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This chapter discusses peritoneal dialysis, including factors affecting efficiency of peritoneal dialysis, effect of dwell time on solute and fluid transfer, modes of peritoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) technique and systems, peritoneal dialysis catheters, insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters, pre-operative preparation for peritoneal catheter insertion, peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion technique, laparoscopic peritoneal dialysis catheters, investigation and management of malfunctioning catheters, peritoneal dialysate, advantages and disadvantages of different dialysates, prescribing CAPD, adequacy of peritoneal dialysis, peritoneal equilibration tests and modelling, increasing dialysis delivered by CAPD, examples of alterations in CAPD prescription, automated peritoneal dialysis, peritoneal dialysis in anuric patients, residual renal function, causes of underdialysis, exit site infections, peritonitis, TB peritonitis, treatment of automated peritoneal dialysis peritonitis and resistant peritonitis, complications of peritonitis (encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis, hernias, fluid leaks, prolapses, and pain), pre- and post-operative assessment for peritoneal dialysis patients, peritoneal dialysis and transplantation, and transfer of PD patient to HD.

Chapter.  22597 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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