Chapter

Nutrition and reproduction

Siew S. Lim and Robert J. Norman

in Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199235292
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199608232 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199235292.003.0882

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Nutrition and reproduction

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Reproductive function is closely related to nutritional status. In the animal kingdom reproduction often takes place when food and climatic conditions are favourable towards optimal nutrition to maximize the survival of the offspring. This is sensible considering pregnancy and lactation are times of greatest nutritional needs in the life of female mammals. In humans, under- and over-nutrition as reflected in body weight and body composition significantly impact fertility. Aside from the mother’s energy status, her micronutrient adequacy throughout the pregnancy and lactation period also influences the development of the offspring.

Chapter.  6544 words. 

Subjects: Endocrinology and Diabetes

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