Chapter

Thyroid hormone resistance syndrome

Mark Gurnell and V. Krishna Chatterjee

in Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199235292
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199608232 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199235292.003.3282

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Thyroid hormone resistance syndrome

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Thyroid hormones (thyroxine T4 and triiodothyronine T3) regulate many cellular processes in virtually every type of tissue. The diverse effects of thyroid hormone include regulation of growth, control of basal metabolic rate, enhanced myocardial contractility, and functional differentiation of the central nervous system. The synthesis of thyroid hormones is controlled by hypothalamic thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH) and pituitary thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and in turn, T4 and T3 regulate TRH and TSH production as part of a negative feedback loop.

Chapter.  8076 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Endocrinology and Diabetes

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