Chapter

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia in children

Felix G. Riepe

in Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199235292
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199608232 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199235292.003.7122

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia in children

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Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is caused by the genetic impairment of one of the five enzymes required for the biosynthesis of cortisol from cholesterol. In 95% of cases 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) is responsible for the disease (1). Classic 21-OHD has an incidence varying from 1:11 800 to 1:21 800, depending on the population background. The pathophysiology, clinical picture, genetics, and the unique aspects of management from the point of view of the paediatric endocrinologist are addressed, and the problems encountered from birth to puberty are described. The child specific issues of rare forms of CAH are summarized thereafter. The reader is referred to Chapter 5.11 for a comprehensive overview of 21-OHD and for more details on all other forms of CAH.

Chapter.  8763 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Endocrinology and Diabetes

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