Chapter

Rectum and anus

Edited by Christine Norton, Julia Williams, Claire Taylor, Annmarie Nunwa and Kathy Whayman

in Oxford Handbook of Gastrointestinal Nursing

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199298655
Published online August 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199598021 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199298655.003.0015

Series: Oxford Medical Handbooks

Rectum and anus

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Structure and function - Stools and stool samples - Defecation - Rectal bleeding - Digital rectal examination - Proctoscopy - Rectal cancer - Tenesmus in rectal cancer - Surgery for rectal cancer - Radiotherapy - Total mesorectal excision - Management of local recurrence - Total pelvic exenteration - Metastastic colorectal cancer - Palliative chemotherapy and radiotherapy - Follow-up for colon and rectal cancer - Anal cancer - Anterior resection syndrome - Rectal prolapse - Haemorrhoids - Haemorrhoidectomy - Anal fissure - Anal fistula - Recto-vaginal fistula - Colovesical fistula - Anal stenosis and stricture - Pilonidal sinus - Perianal skin care - Anal warts (condylomata acuminata) - Other perianal conditions - Pruritus ani - Diarrhoea - Cancer-related diarrhoea - Faecal incontinence - Obstetric trauma and faecal incontinence - Anorectal testing - Faecal incontinence: conservative measures - Faecal incontinence: exercises and biofeedback - Anal sphincter repair (overlapping sphincteroplasty) - Other surgical procedures for faecal incontinence - Neosphincters for faecal incontinence - Rectocele - Constipation in adults: pathophysiology - Constipation in adults: assessment and investigation - Conservative management of constipation - Constipation: enemas and suppositories - Laxatives - Rectal irrigation - Biofeedback for constipation - Constipation: surgery - Constipation in cancer - Megarectum - Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome

Chapter.  18812 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gastroenterology

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