Rectum and anus

Edited by Christine Norton, Julia Williams, Claire Taylor, Annmarie Nunwa and Kathy Whayman

in Oxford Handbook of Gastrointestinal Nursing

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199298655
Published online August 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199598021 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Medical Handbooks

Rectum and anus

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Structure and function - Stools and stool samples - Defecation - Rectal bleeding - Digital rectal examination - Proctoscopy - Rectal cancer - Tenesmus in rectal cancer - Surgery for rectal cancer - Radiotherapy - Total mesorectal excision - Management of local recurrence - Total pelvic exenteration - Metastastic colorectal cancer - Palliative chemotherapy and radiotherapy - Follow-up for colon and rectal cancer - Anal cancer - Anterior resection syndrome - Rectal prolapse - Haemorrhoids - Haemorrhoidectomy - Anal fissure - Anal fistula - Recto-vaginal fistula - Colovesical fistula - Anal stenosis and stricture - Pilonidal sinus - Perianal skin care - Anal warts (condylomata acuminata) - Other perianal conditions - Pruritus ani - Diarrhoea - Cancer-related diarrhoea - Faecal incontinence - Obstetric trauma and faecal incontinence - Anorectal testing - Faecal incontinence: conservative measures - Faecal incontinence: exercises and biofeedback - Anal sphincter repair (overlapping sphincteroplasty) - Other surgical procedures for faecal incontinence - Neosphincters for faecal incontinence - Rectocele - Constipation in adults: pathophysiology - Constipation in adults: assessment and investigation - Conservative management of constipation - Constipation: enemas and suppositories - Laxatives - Rectal irrigation - Biofeedback for constipation - Constipation: surgery - Constipation in cancer - Megarectum - Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome

Chapter.  18812 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gastroenterology

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