Chapter

Aetiology and epidemiology of chronic heart failure

Iain Squire

in Chronic Heart Failure

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199542338
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607174 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199542338.003.0001

Series: Oxford Cardiology Library

Aetiology and epidemiology of chronic heart failure

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• Principally due to the ageing population and improvements in outcome after myocardial infarction, chronic heart failure (CHF) is increasing in prevalence. • CHF is associated with a major detrimental effect on quality of life and life expectancy. • CHF may result from any number of cardiac pathologies; in western society, the main causes are ischaemic heart disease, hypertension and degenerative valve disease. • Less common aetiological conditions include toxins, infiltrative processes and familial cardiomyopathies. • In an individual patient, the “type” of CHF is best described in terms of the aetiology.

Chapter.  2842 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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