Chapter

Diabetic retinopathy—reasons for screening

Margaret Clarke

in Diabetic Retinopathy

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199544967
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607235 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199544967.003.0002

Series: Oxford Diabetes Library

Diabetic retinopathy—reasons for screening

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• Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is still one of the commonest causes of visual loss in the Western world in the working age population. • Patients with visual loss due to DR often reflect late presentation or non-attendance to diabetes and eye services. • The pattern of blindness in diabetes is that maculopathy is the major cause, particularly in type 2 diabetic subjects, whereas blindness due to proliferative retinopathy is becoming rarer in type 1 diabetes. • DR meets the screening criteria of Wilson and Jungner for a successful programme; as it has important adverse effects, laser treatment is effective, it can be easily detected by digital photography, which is an acceptable test, and is cost-effective.

Chapter.  1372 words. 

Subjects: Endocrinology and Diabetes

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