Left ventricular hypertrophy

Sunil Nadar

in Hypertension

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199547579
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607266 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Cardiology Library

Left ventricular hypertrophy

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Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a well-known complication of long-standing hypertension, with the duration and severity of the elevated blood pressure being the major predictive factors in its development. The reninangiotensinaldosterone system (RAAS) has been implicated as the main pathophysiological mechanism in its development. The presence of LVH in hypertensive patients is a poor prognostic factor and those with LVH are at a higher cardiovascular risk for future events. The regression of LVH with the treatment of hypertension can lead to a corresponding reduction in cardiovascular risk. Antihypertensive agents acting on the RAAS appear to be best at regressing LVH and in improving outcomes.

Chapter.  3553 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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