Chapter

Malignant hypertension

VJ Karthikeyan

in Hypertension

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199547579
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607266 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199547579.003.0021

Series: Oxford Cardiology Library

Malignant hypertension

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Malignant hypertension is associated with very high blood pressures and vascular injury. With the widespread use of antihypertensive agents its incidence is reducing but it is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Commonest presentation is headache and visual disturbances. Management should include continuous cardiac monitoring and frequent assessment of neurological status and urine output. Oral agents are as effective as intravenous agents in controlling blood pressure in this setting.

Chapter.  1689 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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