Chapter

Competitive Memory Training

Mark van der Gaag and Kees Korrelboom

in Hallucinations

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780199548590
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754623 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199548590.003.0009
Competitive Memory Training

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Hearing voices is not an isolated symptom in the population. People who hear voices are part of the genetically vulnerable subgroup with psychosis-proneness (Sommer et al., 2008). In most people, voices are a transient phenomenon. However, a psychosis will develop in only some. What processes are involved that in the largest majority of people, the extraordinary experiences wane and disappear but that in some people they become persistent and cross the severity border into frank psychosis? To answer this question, we will address four issues: (1) cognitive appraisal processes, (2) social processes, (3) historical and schema processes, and (4) personal processes such as the loss of self in the battle with voices. All these topics will be discussed extensively in the chapters by Trower et al., and Romme and Escher, both this volume. Therefore, we will not elaborate on these issues, but integrate these concepts into a model of auditory hallucinations that connects to a novel intervention: Competitive Memory Training (COMET).

Chapter.  10209 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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