Chapter

Recommendations for screening and detection of chronic kidney disease

Bisher Kawar and Meguid El Nahas

in Chronic Kidney Disease

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199549313
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191763465 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199549313.003.0004

Series: Oxford Clinical Nephrology Series

Recommendations for screening and detection of chronic kidney disease

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Worldwide, CKD is increasingly becoming a major health care issue. This is seen both as a rise in the number of patients reaching endstage renal disease (ESRD), requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT; dialysis or transplantation), and a perceived rise in the prevalence of earlier stages of CKD. This chapter explores various aspects of screening for CKD.

The basic principles for establishing a screening programme have been described by Wilson and Jungner in 1968 (Wilson & Jungner, 1968). Those principles are summarized in Table 4.1. The first part of this chapter discusses whether CKD satisfies those criteria to justify screening. The second part provides a practical guide to screening, highlighting potential groups where screening is most warranted and summarizing current screening recommendations.

Chapter.  6891 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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