Chapter

The musculoskeletal system: structure and function

Parminder J. Singh and Rohit Kotnis

in Oxford Textbook of Trauma and Orthopaedics

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199550647
Published online April 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199608249 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.0003

Series: Oxford Textbooks

The musculoskeletal system: structure and function

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Structure of bone is comprised of cells, matrix, and water

Bone consists broadly of three surfaces (periosteal, endosteal, and Haversian) and two membranes (periosteum and endosteum)

The blood supply of bone is derived from four main routes (nutrient, metaphyseal, epiphyseal, and periosteal arteries)

There are three main types of cells in bone (osteoblast, osteocyte, and osteoclast)

The matrix is a composite material consisting of an organic and an inorganic component

Two types of bone formation are intramembranous and endochondral ossification

The skeleton is also involved in the vital homeostasis of calcium and phosphate.

Chapter.  5783 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery ; Anatomy

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