Chapter

History and examination of the knee

Tim Spalding

in Oxford Textbook of Trauma and Orthopaedics

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199550647
Published online April 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199608249 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.008001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

History and examination of the knee

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History and examination of the knee are linked and specific examination is determined by the likely diagnosis indicated by the history

The 5 diagnostics groups are: Anterior knee pain; Traumatic injury to knee ligaments, meniscus, or other structures; Degenerative osteoarthritis; Inflammatory joint problem; and other problems

General examination of the knee is still required with the patient, walking, standing, sitting, and lying supine

Specific examination is targeted to 4 areas: The patello-femoral joint and extensor mechanism; Meniscal pathology; Ligament stability; and Arthritis. The pattern of signs elicited should lead to definitive diagnosis.

Chapter.  4498 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery ; Communication Skills

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