Chapter

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: medical aspects

Clarissa Pilkington

in Oxford Textbook of Trauma and Orthopaedics

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199550647
Published online April 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199608249 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.013002

Series: Oxford Textbooks

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: medical aspects

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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is defined as an arthritis persisting for at least 6 weeks

The cause may relate to the immune system response to a stimulus with a synovial or systemic manifestation

Classification depends on the clinical picture and the immunological markers

Joint sepsis is often a differential diagnosis

Most cases respond to simple measures, a few need a structured medical management plan. Surgery is indicated in 10% of cases. All require physiotherapy

Complications may occur secondary to the disease or its treatment.

Chapter.  2353 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery ; Rheumatology ; Paediatrics

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