• Hospitalized Type 1 patients require meticulous insulin management to ensure adequate basal and prandial insulin replacement. • Wherever possible, continue subcutaneous insulin regimens. • If nil by mouth or perioperative, variable continuous intravenous insulin infusions together with 5% glucose infusions should be used. • Always be aware of micro- and macrovascular complications in Type 1 patients in relation to anaesthetic risk. • Target blood glucose levels <10 mmol/L in post-operative and ICU patients. • Screen all Type 1 inpatients for micro- and macrovascular complications.
Chapter. 3806 words.
Subjects: Endocrinology and Diabetes
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