Chapter

Smoking cessation and heart disease

Clive Weston

in Smoking Cessation

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199556250
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607327 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199556250.003.0007

Series: Oxford Respiratory Medicine Library

Smoking cessation and heart disease

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• Cigarette smoking is an independent risk factor for and roughly doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). • More smokers die of CVD than any other cause. • Cigarette smoke causes more damage than nicotine. • Mechanisms include impaired vasodilatation and particularly endovascular inflammation. • The risk of further CVD events falls quickly after cessation and by up to 40% but can take up to 20 yrs to fall to that of never smokers. • Smoking cessation treatments are particularly effective in people with established CVD. • All smoking cessation pharmacotherapies can be given in people with CVD, with certain caveats.

Chapter.  2335 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology

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