Chapter

Smoking cessation and surgery

Anthony Gibson

in Smoking Cessation

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199556250
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607327 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199556250.003.0008

Series: Oxford Respiratory Medicine Library

Smoking cessation and surgery

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• Smokers attend for similar surgery 5 to 10 yrs younger than non-smokers. • Smokers spend more days in hospital and have a higher post-operative mortality than non-smokers. • Stopping smoking before surgery can reduce anaesthetic risk and post-operative complications, for example reduce wound infections up to sixfold. • Very few referrals to a specialist stop-smoking service come from surgical specialties. • Quitting needs to be achieved at least 8 weeks before surgery for maximum benefit. • Large, randomized, controlled trials addressing clinical outcomes are needed to design the best stop-smoking service for surgical patients.

Chapter.  2451 words. 

Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology

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