Chapter

Diagnostic catheterization for valvular heart disease

Gregory Ducrocq, Dominique Himbert and Alec Vahanian

in Catheterization and Interventional Cardiology in Adult Patients

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199558872
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199606955 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199558872.003.0002

Series: Oxford Cardiology Library

Diagnostic catheterization for valvular heart disease

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• Echocardiography is most frequently used for the diagnosis of valvular heart disease. • Cardiac catheterization is indicated to visualize coronary anatomy and/or to answer any discrepancy between the clinical and echocardiographic findings. • Transvalvular pressure gradient is not precise to estimate the significance of stenosis in low or high cardiac output states. • Stenosis severity is most precisely assessed by valvular orifice area index. • Valvular regurgitation is evaluated usually only semiquantitatively based on angiography.

Chapter.  3013 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Primary Care

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