Chapter

Clinical forms of epilepsy

Simon Shorvon

in Epilepsy

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199560042
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607365 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199560042.003.0002

Series: Oxford Neurology Library

Clinical forms of epilepsy

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• Epilepsy is usually classified according to (a) seizure type and (b) syndrome, although classification by anatomical focus (in partial epilepsy) and by aetiology is also useful. • Seizure type is subdivided into partial and generalized forms. Partial epilepsies account for approximately 75% of all cases. • The commonest syndrome is Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy (IGE) that has highly specific clinical features. • There are a number of important childhood epilepsy syndromes with specific clinical features, some benign and some very severe. • Febrile seizures occur in approximately 5% of children and are usually benign. Approximately 2%–7.5% of children develop epilepsy after febrile convulsions.

Chapter.  6748 words. 

Subjects: Neurology

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