Chapter

Emergency treatment of epileptic seizures

Simon Shorvon

in Epilepsy

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199560042
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199607365 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199560042.003.0008

Series: Oxford Neurology Library

Emergency treatment of epileptic seizures

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• Most seizures are self-terminating and require no emergency drug therapy. • Simple first aid measures are helpful at the time of a seizure. • Many patients have clusters of seizures and in this situation emergency drug therapy with benzodiazepines can be given to prevent recurrence. Similarly oral benzodiazepine therapy can be given on an occasional basis, as one-off prophylaxis, to prevent a seizure. • Status epilepticus is defined as a condition in which epileptic seizures continue, or are repeated without recovery, for a period of 30min or more. It can take many forms. • Tonic-clonic status epilepticus is a medical emergency requiring immediate therapy. A strict treatment protocol should be followed and this improves outcome. • Other forms of status epilepticus also require specific treatment.

Chapter.  4347 words. 

Subjects: Neurology

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