Chapter

Tumours of the Heart

Gaetano Thiene, Marialuisa Valente, Massimo Lombardi and Cristina Basso

in The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine

Second edition

Published on behalf of © European Society of Cardiology

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780199566990
Published online August 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199572854 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199566990.003.020
Tumours of the Heart

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Tumours rarely involve the heart; secondary neoplasms (cardiac metastases from lung carcinoma, lymphoma, breast, hepatic, and kidney cancer) are much more frequent than primary neoplasms (20:1).

Ninety per cent of all primary cardiac tumours are benign. Myxoma, by far the most frequent benign tumour (70%), is typically located in the left atrium, and manifests with intracavitary obstruction, embolism, and constitutional symptoms but may also be silent and discovered incidentally by echocardiography. It is also observed in children. Papillary fibroelastoma is an endocardial papilloma, which although quite small, may become symptomatic through embolic events. Typical tumours of the paediatric age group are fibroma, rhabdomyoma, and teratoma....

Chapter.  16285 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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