Panos E. Vardas, Hercules E. Mavrakis and William D. Toff

in The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine

Second edition

Published on behalf of © European Society of Cardiology

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780199566990
Published online August 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199572854 | DOI:

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Bradycardia is a common clinical finding, which requires careful and thorough assessment to correctly establish the underlying diagnosis and determine the appropriate therapy. Bradycardia is often a benign condition requiring no intervention, but when it gives rise to symptoms or results from conduction abnormalities that are associated with an adverse prognosis, cardiac pacing may be required unless a reversible and remediable cause can be identified. An accurate electrocardiographic diagnosis, consideration of the clinical context, and confirmation of a temporal association with any symptoms are the essential first steps to determine the appropriate therapy....

Chapter.  21639 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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