The classical causes of heart failure

Roy S. Gardner and Colette E. Jackson

in Oxford Textbook of Heart Failure

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199577729
Published online July 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199697809 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Textbooks

The classical causes of heart failure

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Heart failure (HF) is the complex clinical syndrome that may resultfrom a broad spectrum of structural or functional cardiac and non-cardiacdiseases, often causing the classical triad ofsymptoms: breathlessness, fatigue, and fluid retention. It is not a singledisease entity, but rather a process that may potentially complicatemost forms of cardiac pathology, particularly in their final stages.

Chapter.  7719 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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