Chapter

Primary prevention

Michael G. Hennerici, Rolf Kern, Kristina Szabo and Johannes Binder

in Stroke

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199582808
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739651 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199582808.003.002

Series: Oxford Neurology Library

Primary prevention

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• The five major modifiable risk factors are high blood pressure, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus, cigarette smoking, and atrial fibrillation. • Modifiable risk factors should be treated and continuously monitored to prevent stroke, and reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. • Urgent action is needed to prevent first and repeat stroke, in particular if transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) occur. TIA patients with a high number of risk factors and risk indicators, and with early signs of brain ischaemia on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are at highest risk for early subsequent stroke.

Chapter.  5187 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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