Pain relief: non-pharmacological

Edited by Janet Medforth, Susan Battersby, Maggie Evans, Beverley Marsh and Angela Walker

in Oxford Handbook of Midwifery

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780199584673
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729867 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Nursing

Pain relief: non-pharmacological

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Massage 242

Homoeopathic remedies for labour and birth 244

Breathing awareness 246

Hypnosis and visualization 247

Aromatherapy during labour 248

Reflexology during labour 250

Acupuncture in labour and childbirth 252

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation 254

Bach flower remedies during labour 256

The basis of massage is touch, which many midwives incorporate into their care of the labouring woman. Regular massage from 36 weeks and during labour has been shown to reduce levels of stress hormones in women....

Chapter.  4593 words. 

Subjects: Midwifery ; Obstetrics

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