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Improving care through health economics analyses: Cost of illness and headache (general disease costing principles)

Francesco S Mennini and Lara Gitto

in Headache care, research and education worldwide

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199584680
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191753435 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199584680.003.012

Series: Frontiers in Headache Research Series

Improving care through health economics analyses: Cost of illness and headache (general disease costing principles)

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By way of conclusion, it should be recalled that in the headache field we are far behind other pathologies, where there is a greater knowledge of the economic aspects of both the pathology-related costs and the likely benefits resulting from different therapeutical approaches.

It may be noted that there are still many unsolved problems in disease costing, to the point that it still appears as a set of method that may lead to extremely different outcomes depending on the evaluation approach being used.

In any event, it should be noted that, in this context, one needs to take into account not only the social cost of a given disease but also the real possibilities of cutting down those costs thanks to the existing technologies, that is, the diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative tools that are already available or being adopted.

Notwithstanding the disease costing problems, which are also reflected in the cost-benefit approaches, it is important for the economic analysis to gain ground as there is a growing need to keep account of the available resources and the results attainable in the health care policies, from the central to the peripheral levels, where the evaluation tools referred to above prove even more expedient.

Furthermore, given the social relevance of migraine, it is important to increase the knowledge related to the economic consequences of prevention through an increase of availability of health service.

From the analysis of prevalence, incidence, morbidity, and consequence of the state of health caused by headache, it seems important to awaken scientific community and policy makers in order that problems connected to the economic costs of headache should be faced using the implementation of specified ‘observatory’. Therefore, it is useful to increase economic evaluation studies to be able to estimate economic and financial costs of headache (i.e. see The Global Campaign to Reduce the Burden of Headache Worldwide—WHO).

Chapter.  8114 words. 

Subjects: Neurology ; Public Health and Epidemiology

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