Chapter

Head, neck, and airway blocks

Neil Smart, Stephen Hickey and Alistair Nimmo

in Principles and Practice of Regional Anaesthesia

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199586691
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191755507 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199586691.003.0019

Series: Oxford Textbooks in Anaesthesia

Head, neck, and airway blocks

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Nerve blocks in the head and neck were, for long, the preserve of the surgeons (dental, maxillofacial, ophthalmic, and ear, nose & throat) specializing in that region of the body. In dentistry the size of the workload means that this is still the case, but developments in other areas have meant that anaesthetists are now using these methods in all of the other areas. Simple nerve block techniques can provide all that is needed for minor surgery and contribute much to patient comfort after major procedures. More recently, regional anaesthesia has found a place in the management of carotid endarterectomy to allow monitoring of consciousness and provide an indication of the adequacy of cerebral blood flow during arterial cross clamping. Finally, these methods have a place in the diagnosis of both acute and chronic pain syndromes.

Chapter.  6915 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anaesthetics ; Clinical Skills ; Anatomy

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