Chapter

Antibiotics in respiratory tract infections

Wei Shen Lim

in Acute Respiratory Infections

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199588084
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739668 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199588084.003.0011

Series: Oxford Respiratory Medicine Library

Antibiotics in respiratory tract infections

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology
  • Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Key points

Beta-lactam antibiotics include pencillins, cephalosporins, carbapanems (e.g. meropenem), and monobactams (e.g. aztreonam) - Oral co-amoxiclav has generally higher activity than oral cephalosporins - Only 10% of patients with a history of penicillin allergy have allergic reactions when treated with penicillin. - The quinolone antibiotics differ in their activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae - Extensive use of quinolones has been associated with increased healthcare acquired infections such as Clostridium difficile infections and MRSA - In the management of pneumococcal pneumonia, low and moderate levels of penicillin-resistance are not associated with treatment failure, whereas both macrolide-resistance and quinolone-resistance are.

Chapter.  2432 words. 

Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology ; Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.