Chapter

Cellular structure and function

Robert Wilkins, Simon Cross, Ian Megson and David Meredith

in Oxford Handbook of Medical Sciences

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199588442
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729881 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199588442.003.0001

Series: Oxford Medical Handbooks

Cellular structure and function

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General principles Overview - Biomolecules - - Proteins Overview - Amino acids and the peptide bond - Principles of protein structure - Structural proteins - Concepts of biochemical reactions and enzymes - Structure and function of enzymes - Enzyme co-factors - Enzyme kinetics - Membrane transporter proteins - - Lipids Roles of lipids - Fatty acids and triacylglycerides - Phospholipids - Cholesterol and its derivatives - - Carbohydrates General principles - Structural carbohydrates - Carbohydrates as metabolic precursors - Carbohydrates as conjugates - - Nucleic acids - The organization of cell membranes The plasma membrane - Transport across membranes - The intracellular milieu - Cell signalling pathways - Epithelial structure - Epithelial function - - Organelles Overview - The nucleus - Gene replication - Trafficking - Cell cycle - Cell growth - Apoptosis - Differentiation - Meiosis and gametogenesis - - Pharmacological modulation of cell function Receptors and ligands - Concentration–response relationship - Antagonists - Administration of drugs - Absorption, distribution, and clearance of drugs - Desensitization, tachyphylaxis, tolerance, and drug resistance - Drug interactions - -

Chapter.  20902 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Preclinical Medicine ; Physiology

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