Chapter

Defense Mechanisms and Brain–Object and Brain–Self Differentiation

Georg Northoff

in Neuropsychoanalysis in practice

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780199599691
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754746 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199599691.003.0007
Defense Mechanisms and Brain–Object and Brain–Self Differentiation

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Chapter 6 goes on to discuss how difference-based coding and the associated neuronal mechanisms of rest–stimulus and stimulus–rest interaction enable and predispose to the constitution of self and objects as distinct from the brain. I specifically focus on early defense mechanisms, such as internalization (e.g. introjection) and externalization (e.g. projection), as they enable and predispose the brain to first constitute and later defend self and objects. Since both internalization and externalization are crucial when constituting self and objects, they are postulated to enable and predispose to brain–self and brain–object differentiation. This chapter thus has an essential role in that it bridges the gap between the neuroscience of the brain and the psychodynamic concept of the psychic apparatus as characterized by objects and a self.

Chapter.  15370 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Psychiatry

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