Chapter

Occupational asthma

Edward W. Paterson and Graeme P. Currie

in Asthma

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199638918
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191740893 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199638918.003.0007

Series: Oxford Respiratory Medicine Library

Occupational asthma

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• Occupational asthma causes up to 15% of new asthma occurring in adulthood • The two main types of occupational asthma are classical occupational asthma (due to sensitization to a workplace exposure) and reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) (due to a single large exposure to an agent) • Two-hourly PEF measurements provide a good way of confirming occupational asthma. Specific bronchial challenge is the ‘gold standard’ of determining a causal relationship but this is not routinely available • In addition to standard pharmacological treatment, management includes avoidance of the causal agent, changes in work practice and provision of personal protective equipment. If these are ineffective or impossible, redeployment either within the same workplace or elsewhere may be necessary.

Chapter.  1996 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology

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