Chapter

Cardiac ICU

Joanna Chikwe, David Tom Cooke and Aaron Weiss

in Cardiothoracic Surgery

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199642830
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191742842 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199642830.003.0005

Series: Oxford Specialist Handbooks in Surgery

Cardiac ICU

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Managing the five commonest calls to ICU - Definitions of common terms - Transfer and admission to ICU - Fast-track patients - Postoperative pathophysiology - Common ICU scenarios: CABG - Common ICU scenarios: valves - Common hemodynamic scenarios - Bleeding - Blood products, antifibrinolytics - Transfusion reactions - Re-exploration for bleeding - Respiratory physiology - Lung function after heart surgery - Respiratory management - Respiratory support modes - Poor gases in ventilated patients - Respiratory failure on ventilator - Weaning from ventilation - Tracheostomy - Acid–base balance - The acidotic patient - Arterial cannulas - Central venous catheters - Pulmonary artery catheter - Mixed venous oxygen saturation - Other forms of monitoring - Cardiac function after surgery - Managing low cardiac output - Optimizing preload and afterload - Contractility - Vasoplegia, SAM, and RV failure - IABP insertion - IABP management - Pharmacological support - Inotropes - Pressors - Vasodilators - Antiarrhythmics - Chronotropes - Diuretics - EKG monitoring - Basic EKG interpretation - Causes of dysrhythmias - Lethal arrhythmias - Dangerous atrial arrhythmias - Other dangerous arrhythmias - Benign arrhythmias - Cardioversion - Defibrillation - Pacing overview - Pacing - Renal management - The oliguric patient - Management of renal failure - Fluid management - Sepsis, SIRS and MOD - Gastrointestinal management - Neurological management - Placing arterial and venous lines - PA catheter, pericardiocentesis - Chest tube and cricothyroidotomy - Management of chest drains

Chapter.  44347 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiothoracic Surgery ; Critical Care

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