Epidemiology of environmental hazards

Giovanni S. Leonardi

in Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199663415
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191759116 | DOI:
Epidemiology of environmental hazards

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An epidemiologist strives to study and control the factors that influence the occurrence of disease or other health-related conditions and events in defined populations, has expertise in population thinking and epidemiological methods, and is knowledgeable about public health and causal inferences in health. If the health of the public is to be protected against environmental hazards, epidemiology needs to be applied to these. However the application of epidemiology within a public service requires considerations beyond those needed to produce scientifically valid results. In addition to striving for methodological competence, practitioners of environmental epidemiology within a public health service need to: ◆ apply their skills to setting the priorities for epidemiology work most likely to improve health in the community by review of many environmental hazards to health ◆ commission investigations by appropriately skilled investigators ◆ organize appropriate research in response to an emergency or as a proactive activity when no academic unit is available to address a topic of public interest, and ◆ based on available epidemiological and other information, design appropriate public health interventions effective at reducing the hazard to health.

Chapter.  4460 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology ; Epidemiology

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