Chapter

Baroreceptor activation therapy

Peter W. de Leeuw and Abraham A. Kroon

in Surgery of the Autonomic Nervous System

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print April 2016 | ISBN: 9780199686407
Published online June 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191766299 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199686407.003.0002
Baroreceptor activation therapy

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Hypertension is a common disorder affecting approximately one billion people worldwide. It is a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Stroke, myocardial infarction, and heart failure, as well as hypertensive kidney disease, are among the most frequent complications accounting for considerable disability and societal costs. The occurrence of such atherothrombosis is accelerated in the presence of other risk factors (hyperlipidaemia, smoking, etc.). Hypertension is sometimes related to specific abnormalities, such as renal artery stenosis or overproduction of aldosterone (primary hyperaldosteronism) or catecholamines (feochromocytoma). Whenever this is the case, the clinician will try to eliminate the causative factor. In most patients, however, no underlying cause can be found and the hypertension is classified as primary or essential. In all likelihood, both genetic and environmental factors are involved in the pressure rise of these patients.

Chapter.  5140 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology ; Surgery

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