Chapter

Delirium

David Meagher and Paula Trzepacz

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199696758
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191743221 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199696758.003.0041
Delirium

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Delirium is a complex neuropsychiatric syndrome that occurs commonly across all age groups and healthcare settings. Significant adverse outcomes of delirium are increasingly recognized and can be reduced by a more consistent approach to detection that emphasizes disturbances of attention. Optimal management requires the collaborative efforts of carers and healthcare staff and judicious use of pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies that concurrently manage underlying physical causes and the delirium itself. Greater clarity is needed regarding the prognostic relationship to dementia, phenomenology of prodromal, subsyndromal and syndromal delirium, and how risk factors, vulnerabilities, and treatment may vary across populations and treatment settings.

Chapter.  6980 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Psychiatry

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