Chapter

The mental health effects of cannabis use

Wayne Hall

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199696758
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191743221 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199696758.003.0068
The mental health effects of cannabis use

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The major adverse acute psychological effects of cannabis use are as follows: ♦ Anxiety, dysphoria, panic, and paranoia, especially in naive users ♦ Impairment of attention, memory, and psychomotor performance while intoxicated ♦ An increased risk of accident if an intoxicated person attempts to drive a vehicle. The major psychological effects of daily heavy cannabis use over many years remain contested but probably include the following: ♦ A cannabis-dependence syndrome ♦ Subtle forms of cognitive impairment that affect attention and memory and which persist while the user remains chronically intoxicated ♦ Impaired educational achievement in adolescents with a history of poor school performance, whose achievement may be limited by the cognitive impairments produced by chronic intoxication with cannabis ♦ Among those who initiate cannabis use in the early teens, a higher risk of progressing to heavy cannabis and other illicit drug use, and becoming dependent on cannabis.

Chapter.  2891 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry ; Addiction Medicine

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