Body dysmorphic disorder

Katharine A. Phillips

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199696758
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191743221 | DOI:
Body dysmorphic disorder

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Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), also known as dysmorphophobia, is a relatively common, severe, and sometimes difficult-to-treat condition that has been described for more than a century. BDD consists of a distressing or impairing preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in one's physical appearance. BDD is classified as a separate disorder in DSM-IV and a type of hypochondriasis in ICD-10. This disorder can cause severe distress and notably impaired functioning. In addition, risk behaviours—suicidality, violence, problematic substance use, and compulsive tanning—appear common in BDD. Despite its severity, BDD is underrecognized in clinical settings.

Chapter.  5304 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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