Chapter

Adjustment to illness and handicap

Allan House

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

Second edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199696758
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191743221 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199696758.003.0137
Adjustment to illness and handicap

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Not everybody who develops a serious physical illness will have psychiatric problems as a consequence. To understand why, it is useful to have a model of the normal process of adjustment to stress; psychiatric disorder can then be seen as arising when that process, often called coping, is either maladaptive or is adaptive but only partially successful. This chapter will start with an outline of one theory of stress and coping as it applies to physical illness, followed by a review of disorders of adjustment to illness. A distinction will be drawn between recent-onset illness, which provokes an acute response, and long-standing illness, where the challenge is more often to adjust to chronic disability.

Chapter.  5471 words. 

Subjects: Psychiatry

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