HTLV Myelopathy

Aaron E. Miller and Teresa M. DeAngelis

in Neuroimmunology

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199732920
Published online April 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322862 | DOI:

Series: What Do I Do Now

HTLV Myelopathy

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Infection due to the human T-lymphocytic 1 (HTLV-1) virus can result in a myelopathy involving the thoracolumbar spinal cord, which typically manifests clinically as a spastic paraparesis—hence its alternative moniker tropical spastic paraparesis. In this chapter, we summarize the diagnostic approach to a patient with a spastic paraparesis and the key points, which assist in narrowing down the lengthy differential diagnosis to HTLV-1.

Chapter.  1159 words. 

Subjects: Neurology

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