Chapter

Reversible Posterior Encephalopathy Syndrome

Louis R. Caplan

in Stroke

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199739141
Published online April 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322978 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199739141.003.017

Series: What Do I Do Now

Reversible Posterior Encephalopathy Syndrome

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Brain edema most often in the posterior portions of the cerebral hemispheres develops in a variety of situations (including: preeclampsia and eclampsia, hypertensive encephalopathy, use of the immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporine and tacrolimus, pheochromocytoma, acute glomerulonephritis, Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndromes [RCVS], and acute endocrinopathies) and is often referred to as the Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES). The most common clinical findings are: agitation, hyperactivity, loss of vision, visual hallucinations, and seizures.

Chapter.  1033 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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