Chapter

Injury Prevention and Control

Kodjo M. Bossou and Philip T. Hagen

in Mayo Clinic Preventive Medicine and Public Health Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199743018
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929603 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199743018.003.0012

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Injury Prevention and Control

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In its most basic definition, human injury is the result of a transfer of energy of sufficient magnitude to damage tissues of the human recipient. Adoption of the infectious disease model of an agent (energy), a carrier (living or inanimate; a vector), and the affected person (host) has proved helpful in analyzing the chain of causation that leads to injury. For the inclusion of important injuries, the definition of causation is often modified to include exposures that prevent needed energy from reaching a host-for example, a lack of thermal energy (heat) that results in frostbite. For persons younger than 45, injury is the most frequent cause of death. Years of potential life lost is an important measure of the cost and health burden of injuries on society. With systematic identification of the causal factors of injury and the events leading up to and following injury, a comprehensive intervention can be carried out to reduce the occurrence of injury in various settings.

Chapter.  6569 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology ; Public Health

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