Chapter

Occupational Medicine

Robert R. Orford and Hamid Rehman

in Mayo Clinic Preventive Medicine and Public Health Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199743018
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929603 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199743018.003.0014

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Occupational Medicine

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Occupational medicine is the medical specialty devoted to 1) prevention and management of occupational injury, illness, and disability, and 2) promotion of health and productivity of workers, their families, and communities. Historically, occupational medicine was termed industrial medicine when heavy industry (eg, lumbering, automobile manufacturing, mining, railroads, steel manufacturing) employed physicians to provide acute medical and surgical care for workers. However, by 1945, medical programs had spread to business organizations that predominantly were staffed with clerical and service employees (eg, banks, insurance companies, mercantile establishments). The broader designation of occupational medicine then came into common use. Occupational medicine was recognized as a specialty by the American Board of Preventive Medicine in 1955.

Chapter.  7462 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology ; Public Health

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